Choosing a domain names in a sentence means - short, easy to spell, memorable, descriptive, just letters and have a .Com extension. Unfortunately most of short names are now not available. (More on these points in a future post..).
The purpose of domain names incidentally is to represent in Human readable terms the underlying internet protocols e.g 18.104.22.168 which is by the way an IP for Blogger you will see later.
The purpose of this post is however to describe how Blogger users can put any other web address in front of their blogspot address. So instead of www.blodger.blogspot.co.uk you may prefer Blodger.com or www.blodger.com. To get another web address or domain you obviously need to think of one, and then normally pay for one from an hosting service/registrar such a GoDaddy. See registrar list here or here for others.
Before we start on the detail, just a quick overview of domain names which may help later on. Domain names consists of a number of parts, technically called labels, that are delimited by dots, such as www.blodger.com
.Com is the top level domain
blodger is the subdomain of the top level domain
www is a subdomain of blodger.com
The top level domains which include com, net and org for example are the highest level of domain names on the Internet. Top level domains also include country types such as co.uk and more new ones are continually being added see here and here
The second level domain names are generally used as the main descriptor google.com, or gov.co.uk
The third level domain name is used to describe essentially the types , i.e www for world wide web, FTP or mail . It is not needed.
This full name is often called the address or URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
A CNAME is an entry within the domain system which will allow you to point the domain at a particular site.
You can have multiple CNAMEs for your domain name. As above if you just type in blodger.com in address bar of web browser it will get to the site. Most domain names have an WWW CNAME entry, and hence within the domain administration you can insert an address to go to if someone types in www.blodger.com, ie. take it to blogger. you can also put something in if someone only types ww.blodger.com, (i.e put in the same things as WWW. You can also redirect to another site completely. And indeed Blogger at this time ask for you to put in two CNAME entries (more below)
So these are the steps required to get your Blogger site (or any other) fronted by another domain name using GoDaddy. GoDaddy have now got a special tool to allow you to automatically configure your DNS . Use this Tool Here. To do to it manually follow the following instructions.
Ensure you have valid domain set up via a registrar such as GoDaddy.
Enter Blogger administrator and for the blog that you want to front with a new domain name, go to Settings - Basic menu to add a Custom domain. Click on the Add custom domain link
And type in your custom domain
If at this stage you press on the Save button Blogger will present a message "We have not been able to verify your authority to this domain. Error 12.
In here we can see the two CNAMES that we will need to enter in GoDaddy
Leave page open and/or take a note or copy to notepad.
[N.B. The second CNAME entry incidentally is a Blogger security measure]
On the Domains tab click on the DNS menu item to bring up the DNS manager link and click that.
On the new screen click on Edit zone for the domain name that you intend to use
The first entries we need to change for Blogger are the A Host records. Here we will add 4 I.P. address's by simply clicking on the Quick Add button. This brings up a line with two text boxes in. In the first we will enter the @ symbol and in the second the IP address 22.214.171.124. After this click the Quick Add button again and do the same thing except change the IP address to 126.96.36.199. (Note is it 34 not 32). The we add two more IP's 188.8.131.52. and 184.108.40.206.
Next we need to insert the CNAME record. As above the expectation is that a WWW entry will already exist but will probably have an @ symbol instead of a domain. If it does then we need to edit the record by clicking on the pencil icon next to the text box. When the text box is available to enter text, then enter ghs.google.com. If the WWW record does not exist then use Quick Add to add WWW in the HOST text box, and ghs.google.com in the points to box. Leave the default TTL setting.
As you know from above, Blogger now also insists that you need to set up a second CNAME for security purposes. The second CNAME will be like the followng example Host: hqzzzn56a3ri, which points to for example gv-oc7x5vzzzqxirt.dv.googlehosted.com
When you have these details then add as per next diagram
Once you have entered this then click on the Save button in the top right hand corner - see below. A prompt will ask you to OK this
After hitting Ok you will see warning about how long it takes
Note that there may be time gap between the operations.
Next go back to Blogger administrator and again go to Settings - Basic menu to add a Custom domain. If the page that you previously used is still up then try saving again otherwise Click on the Add custom domain link again take the same steps as above. This time you will also note a redirect to blodger check box appears. Check this and Save
Next go into any browser and type in your new domain name. It should (eventually) redirect straight to your Blogger blog.